being an exposition of the massoretic notes on the Hebrew Bible, or the ancient critical apparatus of the Old Testament in Hebrew, with an English translation, and critical and explanatory notes, by Christian D. Ginsburg, LL. D.
First Published in 1867
Life of Elias Levita
Information for the Reader
Preface (of Elias Levita)
Introduction I. A Song of Praise, Simple, and of Four Feet
Introduction II. The Rhythmical Introduction, According to German Rhyme
Introduction III. I Shall Now Turn My Face to the Third Introduction
SECTION I. treats on defective and
plene in so far as they relate ta the matres lectiones Vav
after Cholem and Shureck, and Jod after Chirek
SECTION II. treats on the passages wherein
the Vav is absent after the Cholem in verbs and nouns, and the
difference between them.
SECTION III. treats on nouns which are
Milra and have a Vav plene after the Cholem on the top,
and those which are Milra and have not the Vav; as well as of
all the Cholems on the articiple Kal, which are generally
defective, and most of the plurals feminine which have a Vav at the
SECTION IV. treats on the absent Vav
of the Shurek, and on the Kibutz being substituted in its
SECTION V. treats on all the words which
have a long Chirek, i. e., Chiruk with a Jod, having mostly
Jod; and on those words which have Cholem, being mostly defective
SECTION VI. treats on the quiescent Jod
after the Tzere and Segol, as well as on the quiescent Jod
after the Kametz of the third person.
SECTION VII. treats on the plene
and defective of monosyllabic words, being small words.
SECTION VIII. treats on the Massoretic
marks, or words, which have two or three quiescents, some being plene
and some defective, or all being plene or all defective.
SECTION IX. treats on words which have a
quiescent Aleph, either expressed or not, and which are called
'with audible Alephs,' or 'without audible Alephs.'
SECTION X. treats on words, the final
He of which is either plene or defective, and are called
Maphkin He, consisting of four kinds.
SECTION I. Concerning Keri and
Kethiv, divided into seven classes.
SECTION II. Concerning Kametz and
SECTION III. Concerning Dagesh, Raphe,
Mapik, and Sheva.
SECTION IV. Concerning Milel, Milra,
SECTION V. Concerning Registers,
Groups, Resemblances, and Parallels.
SECTION VI. Concerning Junctions,
Severances, and Identical.
SECTION VII. Concerning the Presence
or Absence of Prefixes or Serviles.
SECTION VIII. Concerning Conjectural
Readings, Misleadings, and Exchanges.
SECTION IX. Concerning Letters, Words,
Expressions, Short Letters, Accents, Certainties, and Transpositions.
SECTION X. Concerning Scripture, Book,
Form, Connection, and Verse.
THIRD PART; OR, THE BROKEN TABLES
Now Before I Finish to Speak, I Shall Compose A New Song
That You May Know How Many Times Each Letter Occurs in
the Bible, Read all the Words in this Poem.
Index I. Massoretically Annotated Passages of Scripture
Index II. Massoretic Lists Quoted Entire
Index III. Massoretic Terms and Abbreviations Explained
Index IV. Massoretic Lists Quoted in this Book, Which Are
Also Found in Ochla Ve-Ochla
Index V. Topics and Names
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